Persons with multiple disabilities exercise adaptive head responses with the support of microswitch-aided programs

Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Doretta Oliva, Francesca Campodonico, Gloria Alberti, Serafino Buono, Grazia Trubia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present two studies were aimed at extending evidence on the effectiveness of microswitch-aided programs for promoting exercise of head movements through contingent stimulation with three participants (i.e., a man and two children) with multiple disabilities. The man and the child involved in Study I were to exercise head rotation movements from a lying or sitting position. The child involved in Study II was to exercise brief head lifting movements from a supine and a prone position. Tilt, optic, and pressure microswitches were used for the three participants, respectively. Performance of the target movements led to brief periods of preferred stimulation during the intervention phases of the studies. Data showed that the intervention frequencies of those movements increased for all three participants. Implications of the studies were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalLife Span and Disability
Volume17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Head responses
  • Multiple disabilities
  • Response exercise
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health(social science)

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