The pharmacokinetic and bioavailability properties of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) after single PO and IM doses in man were used as a basis to predict, on a theoretical pharmacokinetic basis, the blood level profile of the drug during repeated dose administration with various dosage schedules. Because of the unusually long-lasting depot effect of IM MPA, a different build-up process of blood levels is expected during repeated IM or PO administration, and this should be taken into account when dose schedules for use in clinical oncology are selected. As regards the IM route, dose schedules based on 4 weeks' treatment with daily injections of 500-1,000 mg followed by a maintenance therapy with 1,000 mg/week are suggested, since they permit rapid achievement and maintenance of relatively high plasma levels. A similar plasma level profile can be obtained with oral MPA provided that daily doses twice as large as the IM doses are given during the first month of treatment and continued during the maintenance period. The serum levels observed in 25 patients with advanced breast cancer treated with MPA given IM or PO according to various dose schedules and recent literature data are very close to the serum level profiles predicted on a theoretical pharmacokinetic basis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research