Pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment after cardiac surgery

Alessandro Durante, Luca Rosario Limite, Giovanni Peretto, Alessandra Laricchia, Francesco Ancona, Antonio Mangieri, Domenico Cianflone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Open-heart surgery has become a common procedure. Postcardiac surgery management is a critical issue and represents a crucial period in terms of physical recovery. Cardiac rehabilitation is increasingly considered as an integral component of the continuum of care for patients with cardiovascular disease. Its usefulness is now widely accepted, and therefore, it is recommended in most contemporary cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines. Similarly, early pharmacological management can modulate the pathophysiological alterations after cardiac surgery, leading to an improvement in the early and long-term outcome. In this review, we will present recent advances in postcardiac surgery management, focusing on the pathophysiology of the perioperative period and on recent evidences in pharmacological and rehabilitative strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalCardiology in Review
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • beta-adrenergic blockers
  • calcium-channel blockers
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • cardiac surgery
  • glycemic control
  • statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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