Pharmacological inhibition of wee1 potentiates the antitumoral effect of the dl922-947 oncolytic virus in malignant mesothelioma cell lines

Carmelina Antonella Iannuzzi, Paola Indovina, Iris Maria Forte, Sarah Di Somma, Anna Maria Malfitano, Martina Bruno, Giuseppe Portella, Francesca Pentimalli, Antonio Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a very aggressive asbestos-related cancer, for which no therapy proves to be effective. We have recently shown that the oncolytic adenovirus dl922-947 had antitumor effects in MM cell lines and murine xenografts. Previous studies demonstrated that dl922-947-induced host cell cycle checkpoint deregulation and consequent DNA lesions associated with the virus efficacy. However, the cellular DNA damage response (DDR) can counteract this virus action. Therefore, we assessed whether AZD1775, an inhibitor of the G2/M DNA damage checkpoint kinase WEE1, could enhance MM cell sensitivity to dl922-947. Through cell viability assays, we found that AZD1775 synergized with dl922-947 selectively in MM cell lines and increased dl922-947-induced cell death, which showed hallmarks of apoptosis (annexinV-positivity, caspase-dependency, BCL-XL decrease, chromatin condensation). Predictably, dl922-947 and/or AZD1775 activated the DDR, as indicated by increased levels of three main DDR players: phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX), phospho-replication protein A (RPA)32, phospho-checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1). Dl922-947 also increased inactive Tyr-15-phosphorylated cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), a key WEE1 substrate, which is indicative of G2/M checkpoint activation. This increase in phospho-CDK1 was effectively suppressed by AZD1775, thus suggesting that this compound could, indeed, abrogate the dl922-947-induced DNA damage checkpoint in MM cells. Overall, our data suggest that the dl922-947-AZD1775 combination could be a feasible strategy against MM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7333
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adavosertib
  • Apoptosis
  • AZD1775
  • Dl922-947
  • DNA damage response
  • G2/M checkpoint
  • Malignant mesothelioma
  • MK-1775
  • Oncolytic adenovirus
  • WEE1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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