BACKGROUND: Patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) develop central nervous system (CNS) progression or recurrence during the course of their disease. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-NHL often develop CNS progression despite the use of prophylaxis. Liposomal cytarabine (DepoCyte) has shown activity in lymphomatous meningitis, but there are limited data for prophylaxis. METHODS: Between May 2006 and December 2008, a phase 2 study of intrathecal liposomal cytarabine was performed at the dose of 50 mg in 30 patients with HIV-NHL, with the aim of evaluating feasibility and activity for prophylaxis. RESULTS: Liposomal cytarabine was well tolerated, with headache grade I to III being the most frequent side effect in 40% of patients. With a median followup of 10.5 months, only 1 (3%) patient developed a combined systemic and meningeal recurrence. The use of liposomal cytarabine allowed significant reduction of the number of lumbar injections in comparison to the standard schedules (around 50%), improving the quality of life of patients and reducing the professional exposure risk. CONCLUSIONS: In this first study on prophylaxis of lymphomatous meningitis in HIV-NHL, liposomal cytarabine seems safe and active; it reduces by approximately 50% the number of lumbar punctures, and exposure risk for health staff as well.
- Human immunodeficiency virus infection
- Liposomal cytarabine
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research