Phase I clinical and pharmacokinetic study of trabectedin and doxorubicin in advanced soft tissue sarcoma and breast cancer

C. Sessa, A. Perotti, C. Noberasco, F. De Braud, E. Gallerani, S. Cresta, M. Zucchetti, L. Viganò, A. Locatelli, J. Jimeno, J. W. Feilchenfeldt, M. D'Incalci, G. Capri, N. Ielmini, L. Gianni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The combination of trabectedin (T) and doxorubicin (D) was brought into clinical development in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and advanced breast cancer (ABC) because of its in vitro and in vivo additive anti-tumour effect, the fact that there are no overlapping toxicities and the anti-tumour activity of T in those tumours. Feasibility and anti-tumour activity of T+D administered every 3 weeks were evaluated in 38 patients (STS=29, ABC=9) untreated for advanced disease. D was given at 60 mg/m2 and T at escalating doses from 600 to 800 μg/m2, which was the maximum tolerated dose due to dose-limiting febrile neutropenia and asthenia. The recommended dose - given to 18 patients in total - was 700 μg/m2 T with 60 mg/m2 D. The pharmacokinetic profile of T and D at cycle 1 was analysed in 20 patients. The most common toxicities included a severe but reversible ASAT/ALAT increase (94%), nausea/vomiting, neutropenia, asthenia/fatigue, stomatitis. Partial response and stable disease were assessed in 18% and 56% of STS patients and in 55% and 33% of ABC patients. No pharmacokinetic interaction between T and D was observed. The lack of cumulative toxicity and related complications and the promising activity in STS support further development of T+D.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1161
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Combination
  • Doxorubicin
  • Phase I
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Trabectedin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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