Phase I clinical trial of liposomal daunorubicin in hepatocellular carcinoma complicating liver cirrhosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chemotherapy has been proposed for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with well-compensated cirrhosis who are unsuitable for locoregional treatments. Anthracyclines are the most active agents against HCC, although their toxicity is often unpredictable; thus, there is a need for new active drugs with a safe toxicity profile. The liposomal formulation of the anthracycline daunorubicin has low systemic toxicity and is taken up strongly by the liver. We started a phase I study with liposomal daunorubicin (starting dose 80 mg/m2 every 21 days) in patients with hepatocellular dose carcinoma and Child-Pugh stage A or B liver cirrhosis. At the starting dose, we recorded dose-limiting toxicities (1 hyperbilirubinemia, 1 prolonged prothrombin time, 1 persisting grade 3 neutropenia) in 3 out of 4 patients. Thus, according to protocol, we went down to the dose level of 60 mg/m2 but still 2 out of 3 patients had unacceptable toxicity (1 hypertransaminasemia, 1 hyperbilirubinemia with encephalopatia). Finally, we treated 4 more patients at the dose level of 40 mg/m2 and again we recorded liver toxicity in three of them. Overall haematological toxicity was mild and significant non-haematologic toxicities, other than hepatic, were not recorded. The toxicity profile observed warns against further assessment of liposomal daunorubicin in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1251
Number of pages3
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume20
Issue number2 B
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • DaunoXome®
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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