Phase I-II study on isolation antiblastic fotemustine perfusion after dacarbazine chemosensitization for advanced melanoma of the extremities

C. R. Rossi, F. J. Lejeune, L. Pontes, M. Foletto, G. L. De Salvo, P. L. Pilati, S. Mocellin, M. Ribeiro, M. Lopes, M. Lise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isolation limb perfusion (ILP) is the treatment of choice for locally advanced limb melanoma. With melphalan, the referral drug, complete response (CR) is achieved in about 50% of patients, but significant local toxicity occurs in up to 30%. The aim of the present phase I-II study was to challenge fotemustine (F) in ILP after systemic chemosensitization with dacarbazine (DTIC), given its lower toxicity and greater efficacy, as reported in a previous pilot study. Eleven patients with locally advanced limb melanoma were subdivided into triplets, and given F ILP at escalating doses (starting from 25 mg/I) after intravenous administration of 500 mg/m2 DTIC. Acute and chronic locoregional and systemic toxicity, tumour response and clinical outcome were evaluated. Two patients in the first triplet had G3-G4 local toxicity, so that the scheduled F dosage was halved. At drug levels of 12.5, 15.6 and 18.2 mg/l, local toxicity decreased, but only one of eight patients showed CR. The trial was then interrupted due to the low tolerability and poor efficacy of this perfusion regimen. At present, F ILP after DTIC chemosensitization should not be recommended for the treatment of locally advanced limb melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-297
Number of pages5
JournalMelanoma Research
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • Advanced melanoma
  • Dacarbazine
  • Fotemustine
  • Isolation limb perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Dermatology

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