Phase I study of mitoxantrone, raltitrexed, levofolinic acid and 5-fluorouracil in advanced solid tumours

F. Caponigro, A. Avallone, F. Rivellini, P. Comella, F. Ionna, V. De Rosa, G. Comella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We have recently evaluated the combination of raltitrexed, levofolinic acid (LFA) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in advanced head and neck and colorectal cancer, and we have shown that this combination is well tolerated and has clinical activity. Clinical combination studies have shown that raltitrexed and anthracyclines can be combined at full doses without unexpected toxicities. Based on these observations, we started a phase I study of mitoxantrone plus raltitrexed administered on day 1, followed by LFA and 5-FU on day 2 in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and methods: Mitoxantrone was given at a starting dose of 6 mg/m 2, raltitrexed at a fixed dose of 3 mg/m 2, LFA at a fixed dose of 250 mg/m 2, and 5-FU at a starting dose of 750 mg/m 2. Mitoxantrone and 5-FU doses were subsequently escalated alternately up to dose-limiting toxicity. Treatment was repeated every 14 days. Results: Four dose levels were tested in 18 patients. All three patients treated at the fourth dose level had grade 4 neutropenia after the first cycle. Therefore, this level was defined as the maximum tolerated dose and the dose level immediately, below (mitoxantrone 7 mg/m 2 and 5-FU 900 mg/m 2) was selected for further evaluation. Neutropenia was the main toxic effect. Nonhaematologic side effects were mild. One complete response and five partial responses (all but one in patients with head and neck cancer) were observed, for an overall response rate of 33% (95% confidence interval, 13% to 59%). Conclusions: Mitoxantrone, raltitrexed and 5-FU can be combined at doses which are close to those used in monotherapy. The observed activity is encouraging, especially in the subset of patients with head and neck cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-116
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • Advanced solid tumours
  • Levofolinic acid
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Raltitrexed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology

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