A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled phase I vaccine trial based on the native Tat protein was conducted in HIV-infected asymptomatic individuals. The vaccine was administered five times subcute with alum or intradermally without adjuvant at 7.5 μg, 15 μg or 30 μg doses, respectively. The Tat vaccine was well tolerated both locally and systemically and induced and/or maintained Tat-specific T helper (Th)-1 T-cell responses and Th-2 responses in all subjects with a wide spectrum of functional anti-Tat antibodies, rarely seen in HIV-infected subjects. The data indicate the achievement of both the primary (safety) and secondary (immunogenicity) endpoints of the study.
- Clinical trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Molecular Medicine