Carboplatin (CBDCA) is a second-generation cisplatin analog that has shown activity in early clinical trials. Its spectrum of toxicity is quantitatively and qualitatively different from that of the parent compound. Between November 1984 and September 1986 we conducted a phase II trial of CBDCA in 46 women with epithelial ovarian cancer. All patients had undergone at least one prior chemotherapy regimen; 41 (89%) had previously received cisplatin (mean cumulative dose, 540 mg/m2). The CBDCA dose was based on renal function and was injected i. v. once every 4 weeks. Patients were stratified on the basis of baseline creatinine clearance: those with a baseline creatinine clearance of ≥60 ml/min received 400 mg/m2 CBDCA; those with a creatinine clearance between 30 and 60 ml/min received an initial dose calculated according to a previously published formula [2, 3] that corrected for renal insufficiency and projected nadir platelet counts of 75,000/mm3. Of 41 evaluable patients, 6 (15%) had an objective response [2 complete responses (CRs); 4 partial responses (PRs)]; 5 of the 6 responders had previously responded to cisplatin treatment. No responses were observed in 12 patients who had not responded to prior cisplatin therapy. Significant hematologic toxicity was seen. Of 18 patients with a creatinine clearance of ≥60 ml/min (dose, 400 mg/m2), 6 had nadir platelet counts of 3, 4 with symptomatic bleeding. Of the 21 evaluable patients for whom the dose-modification formula was applied, 10 had nadir platelet counts of 3; 5 had counts of 3. CBDCA has activity even in patients who have previously undergone extensive cisplatin therapy; however, its toxicity is variable and thrombocytopenia is dose-limiting. We did not confirm the ability of the above-mentioned formula to calculate the CBDCA dose and accurately predict the nadir platelet count for all patients. Other factors, such as prior radiotherapy, may also be important in the dosing of CBDCA in pretreated patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research