Phase II study of temozolomide in combination with topotecan (TOTEM) in relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma: A European Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer-SIOP-European Neuroblastoma study

Angela Di Giannatale, Nathalie Dias-Gastellier, Annick Devos, Kieran Mc Hugh, Ariane Boubaker, Frederic Courbon, Arnaud Verschuur, Stéphane Ducassoul, Katty Malekzadeh, Michela Casanova, Loredana Amoroso, Pascal Chastagner, Christian M. Zwaan, Caroline Munzer, Isabelle Aerts, Judith Landman-Parker, Riccardo Riccardi, Marie Cecile Le Deley, Birgit Geoerger, Hervé Rubie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To assess objective response rate (ORR) after two cycles of temozolomide in combination with topotecan (TOTEM) in children with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma. Patients and Methods This multicenter, non-randomised, phase II study included children with neuroblastoma according to a two-stage Simon design. Eligibility criteria included relapsed or refractory, measurable or metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) evaluable disease, no more than two lines of prior treatment. Temozolomide was administered orally at 150 mg/m2 followed by topotecan at 0.75 mg/m2 intravenously for five consecutive days every 28 days. Tumour response was assessed every two cycles according to International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC), and reviewed independently. Results Thirty-eight patients were enroled and treated in 15 European centres with a median age of 5.4 years. Partial tumour response after two cycles was observed in 7 out of 38 evaluable patients [ORR 18%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 8-34%]. The best ORR whatever the time of evaluation was 24% (95% CI, 11-40%) with a median response duration of 8.5 months. Tumour control rate (complete response (CR) + partial response (PR) + mixed response (MR) + stable disease (SD)) was 68% (95% CI, 63-90%). The 12-months Progression-Free and Overall Survival were 42% and 58% respectively. Among 213 treatment cycles (median 4, range 1-12 per patient) the most common treatment-related toxicities were haematologic. Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 62% of courses in 89% of patients, grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 47% of courses in 71% of patients; three patients (8%) had febrile neutropenia. Conclusion Temozolomide-Topotecan combination results in very encouraging ORR and tumour control in children with heavily pretreated recurrent and refractory neuroblastoma with favourable toxicity profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Neuroblastoma
  • Paediatrics
  • Phase II
  • Temozolomide
  • Topotecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phase II study of temozolomide in combination with topotecan (TOTEM) in relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma: A European Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer-SIOP-European Neuroblastoma study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this