Between February 1991 and July 1992, 79 previously untreated patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma were enrolled in a phase II study of combined 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and l-folinic acid (FA). 5-FU 370 mg/m2/day was administered for 5 consecutive days as an intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection preceded by l-FA 100 mg/m2/day with the same administration modality. Treatment was given every 4 weeks until progression. 79 patients were evaluable for toxicity and 64 for response. 2 patients (3%) achieved a complete remission and 8 (12.5%) a partial remission, 33 (52%) had stable disease and 21 patients (33%) had progressive disease. Median duration of remission was 32.5 weeks and median survival for all evaluable patients was 64.5 weeks. Substantial to severe side-effects occurred in 39% of patients. Dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3-4) was mainly diarrhoea (18%) and mucositis (15%). Nausea/vomiting, cutaneous toxicity, leucopenia, alopecia and conjunctivitis of grade 3-4 occurred respectively in 6, 4, 2.5, 1 and 1% of cases. Toxicity appeared to be substantially similar to that characteristic of combined 5-FU and the chiral mixture of d,l-FA. Efficacy was within the range of that observed with the 5-FU d,l-FA combination, although at the lower level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research