We studied simultaneously the effect of various concentrations of phenformin on insulin and growth hormone binding to IM-9 lymphocytes, a cell type known to have receptors for both these hormones. After 24 hr preincubation with phenformin at 2 × 10-5 M, insulin binding to IM-9 cells was increased by 80.4 ± 10.5% over control (mean ± SE of 10 experiments). In parallel experiments HGH binding was decreased by 43.1 ± 2.2% (mean ± SE). This effect of phenformin was dose-dependent for both HGH and insulin binding over the concentration range 1.5 × 10-6 M to 5 × 10-5 M, and was already detectable 3 hr after phenformin addition. These data indicate that phenformin has an opposite effect on insulin and growth hormone binding to IM-9 cells. Several possible mechanisms might be suggested for the decrease of HGH binding sites induced by phenformin: the simultaneous opposite effect on HGH and insulin receptors raises the possibility that some metabolic event triggered by the drug is able to induce opposite changes in the binding of these two hormones with different biological activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism