Phenotype evolution and health issues of adults with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

Andrea Gazzin, Diana Carli, Fabio Sirchia, Cristina Molinatto, Simona Cardaropoli, Giuseppe Palumbo, Giuseppe Zampino, Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Alessandro Mussa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) phenotype usually mitigates with age and data on adulthood are limited. Our study aims at reporting phenotype evolution and health issues in adulthood.

METHODS: 34 patients (16 males), aged 18-58 years (mean 28.5) with BWS were enrolled.

RESULTS: 26 patients were molecularly confirmed, 5 tested negative, and 3 were not tested. Final tall stature was present in 44%. Four patients developed Wilms' Tumor (2, 3, 5, and 10 years, respectively); one hepatoblastoma (22 years); one acute lymphoblastic leukemia (21 years); one adrenal adenoma and testicular Sertoli cell tumor (22 and 24 years, respectively); and three benign tumors (hepatic haemangioma, uterine myoma, and mammary fibroepithelioma). Surgery for BWS-related features was required in 85%. Despite surgical correction several patients presented morbidity and sequelae of BWS pediatric issues: pronunciation/swallow difficulties (n = 9) due to macroglossia, painful scoliosis (n = 4) consistent with lateralized overgrowth, recurrent urolithiasis (n = 4), azoospermia (n = 4) likely consequent to cryptorchidism, severe intellectual disability (n = 2) likely related to neonatal asphyxia and diabetes mellitus (n = 1) due to subtotal pancreatectomy for intractable hyperinsulinism. Four patients (two males) had healthy children (three physiologically conceived and one through assisted reproductive technology).

CONCLUSIONS: Adult health conditions in BWS are mostly consequent to pediatric issues, underlying the preventive role of follow-up strategies in childhood. Malignancy rate observed in early adulthood in this small cohort matches that observed in the first decade of life, cumulatively raising tumor rate in BWS to 20% during the observation period. Further studies are warranted in this direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1691-1702
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics. Part A
Volume179
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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