Phenotypic and functional analysis of human CD3+ and CD3- clones with 'lymphokine-activated killer' (LAK) activity. Frequent occurrence of CD3+ LAK clones which produce Interleukin-2

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Abstract

Clones capable of lysing fresh, uncultured tumor cells ('lymphokine-activated killer': 'LAK' activity) were selected from microcultures derived from either E-rosette-positive or E-rosette-negative cell populations. All the selected clones displayed a strong cytolytic activity against the NK-sensitive K562 cell line. Two major phenotypic groups of clones could be identified: a first group expressed the CD3 differentiation antigen, present exclusively on mature T lymphocytes; however, in contrast to typical cytolytic T lymphocytes, the majority of these clones expressed the unusual CD4- CD8- phenotype, whereas the remainder were CD4- CD8+. A second group was represented by CD3- clones which, in most instances, expressed the T-cell-lineage-specific CD2 antigen. Following stimulation with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), most of the CD3+ LAK clones produced Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) whereas those expressing the CD3- phenotype did not. Since previous studies indicated that PHA may be inefficient in inducing lymphokine production by T-cell variants lacking the CD3/T cell receptor complex (TCR), CD3- clones were further stimulated with the calcium ionophore A23187 plus phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Only 2/11 CD3- LAK clones produced small amounts of IL-2, whereas the majority released IFN-γ. Given the peculiar phenotypic and functional properties of many CD3+ LAK clones, we suggest that they may belong to a T-cell subset distinct from typical CTLs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-498
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume40
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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