Phenotypic features of severe familial generalized idiopathic torsion dystonia (ITD)

A. R. Bentivoglio, E. Cassette, G. Defazio, M. De Mari, A. Albanese, P. Tonali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present three patients affected by ITD belonging to a large Italian family. They were the only family members reportedly affected by dystonia. Index patient was a 5 2-year-old woman affected by generalized dystonia, started in the neck at the age of 40 years. In her 30year-old son the first symptom was spasmodic dysphonia (age at onset: 14 years). In her 26year-old daughter the first symptom was writer's cramp (age at onset: 11 years); in both the disease rapidly progressed to generalized ITD. It is remarkable that, in this family, anticipation of the age at symptoms onset between two generations occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133
Number of pages1
JournalItalian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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