Phenotypic heterogeneity in hereditary motor neuropathy type V: A new case report series

Manuela Pennisi, Alberto Raggi, Rita Barone, Maria Muglia, Luigi Citrigno, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Giuseppe Lanza, Giovanni Pennisi, Raffaele Ferri, Rita Bella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed a wide phenotypic heterogeneity in hereditary motor neuropathy type V in which upper and lower motor neurons and peripheral motor axons are variously affected, even within the same family. In this case series, we describe the genetic, clinical and electrophysiological features of patients belonging to a four-generation Italian family. Because of a possible anticipation phenomenon, the disorder became apparent at an earlier age as it passed to the next generation, with a median age of onset of 65 years for the first 2 generations, 32 for the third, and 13.5 for the fourth. The symptoms at onset varied considerably among the sufferers, with a predominant impairment of the hands in seven cases, the impairment of the four limbs in one patient and only of the lower limbs in another. Also muscle atrophy was variable, from very mild to severe (wasting of the distal muscles of the limbs). Moreover, electrophysiological results were heterogeneous, including cases with isolated and with diffuse axonal motor neuropathy, and one case of motor sensory polyneuropathy. A novel polymorphism G→T was also found in the Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 gene on intron 4. This broad phenotypic and genotypic spectrum calls the clinician attention to this rare and still insufficiently known disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalActa Neurologica Belgica
Volume112
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • "split hand" phenomenon
  • Clinical variability
  • Genotypic spectrum
  • Hereditary motor neuropathy type v

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Pennisi, M., Raggi, A., Barone, R., Muglia, M., Citrigno, L., Cantone, M., Lanza, G., Pennisi, G., Ferri, R., & Bella, R. (2012). Phenotypic heterogeneity in hereditary motor neuropathy type V: A new case report series. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 112(1), 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-012-0042-0