Background - In the congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS), there can be a marked phenotypic heterogeneity. Founder effects, by which many individuals share a mutation identical by descent, represent a powerful tool to further understand the underlying mechanisms and to predict the natural history of mutation-associated effects. We are investigating one such founder effect, originating in South Africa in approximately AD 1700 and segregating the same KCNQ1 mutation (A341V). Methods and Results - The study population involved 320 subjects, 166 mutation carriers (MCs) and 154 noncarriers. When not taking β-blocker therapy, MCs had a wide range of QTc values (406 to 676 ms), and 12% of individuals had a normal QTc (≤440 ms). A QTc >500 ms was associated with increased risk for cardiac events (OR=4.22; 95% CI, 1.12 to 15.80; P=0.033). We also found that MCs with a heart rate s were conducted and identified a dominant negative effect of the mutation on wild-type channels. Conclusions - KCNQ1-A341V is a mutation associated with an unusually severe phenotype, most likely caused by the dominant negative effect of the mutation. The availability of an extended kindred with a common mutation allowed us to identify heart rate, an autonomic marker, as a novel risk factor.
- Death, sudden
- Long-QT syndrome
- Nervous system, autonomic
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine