Phlebographic study does not show differences between patients with MS and control subjects

M. Stefanini, Sebastiano Fabiano, F. Garaci, S. Marziali, A. Meschini, V. Cama, M. Fornari, S. Rossi, D. Centonze, R. Gandini, G. Simonetti, R. Floris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypothetical correlation between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and MS has gained the attention of patients and the scientific community. Studies performed by echo-color Doppler ultrasonography have shown different results, and it is necessary to use more objective diagnostic techniques. The aim of our study was to evaluate the presence of stenoses affecting azygos veins and internal jugular veins by use of venography in patients with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 2 groups of subjects who underwent venography: the study group included 29 patients with MS and the control group included 15 healthy volunteers. The ileo-lumbar plexus, the azygos, and the internal jugular veins were selectively catheterized. We considered any cross-sectional area reduction of the venous lumen >50% to be a significant stenosis. Furthermore, blood pressure was measured in the studied vessels at the stenotic internal jugular veins. RESULTS: Selective venography showed at least 1 significant venous stenosis in 84% of subjects examined, without significant difference between the study group and the control group. Positive venography chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency patterns were found in 50% of all subjects examined, without any significant difference between the 2 groups. The multivariate logistic regression analysis failed to assess any significant association between the presence of a positive venography and MScondition. The difference between the median blood pressure of stenotic and nonstenotic internal jugular veins was not statistically significant (P = .46). CONCLUSIONS: Our data exclude any direct correlation between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and MS because venous abnormalities were equally present in both groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1179
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)


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