DISTURBI FONEMICI E SEMANTICI DELLA COMPRENSIONE NEGLI AFASICI

Translated title of the contribution: Phonemic and semantic disorders of recognition in aphasiacs

G. Gainotti, A. Ibba

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

98 Patients with unilateral hemispheric damage (50 aphasics, 18 non aphasic left and 30 right brain damaged patients) and 60 control subjects without cerebral lesions were given a verbal comprehension test requiring the identification of 20 picturable words. The patients were asked to listen to each word and to indicate which of the 6 pictures represented the object that the examiner had named. The test allowed both a quantitative score (number of correct responses) and a qualitative score (number of acoustic, semantic and odd errors). The performance of the aphasic subjects was significantly poorer than the non aphasic brain damaged patients, and within the aphasic group a double dissociation was found between the patients who showed in their expressive language a prevalence of 'phonemic paraphasias' and those who showed a prevalence of 'semantic paraphasias'. The first subjects obtained (at the verbal comprehension test) a number of 'acoustic phonemic errors' higher than the other aphasic patients; the second group of patients showed, on the contrary, the tendency to obtain a more important number of 'semantic errors'. Some implications of these findings are discussed.

Translated title of the contributionPhonemic and semantic disorders of recognition in aphasiacs
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationARCH.PSICOL.NEUROL.PSICHIAT.
Pages135-159
Number of pages25
Volume34
Edition2
Publication statusPublished - 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gainotti, G., & Ibba, A. (1973). DISTURBI FONEMICI E SEMANTICI DELLA COMPRENSIONE NEGLI AFASICI. In ARCH.PSICOL.NEUROL.PSICHIAT. (2 ed., Vol. 34, pp. 135-159)