Phosphate homeostasis in Bartter syndrome: a case–control study

Alberto Bettinelli, Cristina Viganò, Maria Cristina Provero, Francesco Barretta, Alessandra Albisetti, Silvana Tedeschi, Barbara Scicchitano, Mario G. Bianchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Bartter patients may be hypercalciuric. Additional abnormalities in the metabolism of calcium, phosphate, and calciotropic hormones have occasionally been reported.

Methods: The metabolism of calcium, phosphate, and calciotropic hormones was investigated in 15 patients with Bartter syndrome and 15 healthy subjects.

Results: Compared to the controls, Bartter patients had significantly reduced plasma phosphate {mean [interquartile range]:1.29 [1.16–1.46] vs. 1.61 [1.54–1.67] mmol/L} and maximal tubular phosphate reabsorption (1.16 [1.00–1.35] vs. 1.41 [1.37–1.47] mmol/L) and significantly increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) level (6.1 [4.5–7.7] vs. 2.8 [2.2–4.4] pmol/L). However, patients and controls did not differ in blood calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin levels. In patients, an inverse correlation (P <0.05) was noted between total plasma calcium or glomerular filtration rate and PTH concentration. A positive correlation was also noted between PTH and osteocalcin concentrations (P <0.005), as well as between chloriduria or natriuria and phosphaturia (P <0.001). No correlation was noted between calciuria and PTH concentration or between urinary or circulating phosphate and PTH.

Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate a tendency towards renal phosphate wasting and elevated circulating PTH levels in Bartter patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2133-2138
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Bartter syndrome
  • Calcium
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Maximal tubular reabsorption of phosphate
  • Parathyroid hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bettinelli, A., Viganò, C., Provero, M. C., Barretta, F., Albisetti, A., Tedeschi, S., Scicchitano, B., & Bianchetti, M. G. (2014). Phosphate homeostasis in Bartter syndrome: a case–control study. Pediatric Nephrology, 29(11), 2133-2138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-014-2846-z