The nuclear retinoic acid receptor RARγ2 undergoes proteasome-dependent degradation upon ligand binding. Here we provide evidence that the domains that signal proteasome-mediated degradation overlap with those that activate transcription, i.e. the activation domains AF-1 and AF-2. The AF-1 domain signals RARγ2 degradation through its phosphorylation by p38MAPK in response to RA. The AF-2 domain acts via the recruitment of SUG-1, which belongs to the 19S regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome. Blocking RARγ2 degradation through inhibition of either the p38MAPK pathway or the 26S proteasome function impairs its RA-induced transactivation activity. Thus, the turnover of RARγ2 is linked to transactivation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology