Photodynamic treatment of fresh frozen plasma by methylene blue: Effect on HIV, HCV and parvovirus B19

P. Iudicone, M. Andreoni, C. Lavorino, M. C. Martorana, E. Nicastri, A. Azzi, L. Quintiliani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The inactivation of viruses by methylene blue (MB) photoactivation is a new technology which is going to be introduced into the process of the fresh frozen plasma separation in order to improve the viral safety of this blood component. The efficacy of this procedure was confirmed in a variety of studies by using different virus models, like BVDV, Sindbis virus, DHBV, VSV, or SV40. Material and Methods: We focused on photoinactivation of HIV-1, HCV and Parvovirus B19. Following the inactivation procedure, the infectivity of HIV-1 was tested by in-vitro infectivity assay, while the genome integrity of HCV and Parvovirus B19 was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using HCV quantitative PCR and Parvovirus B19 nested PCR. Results: In plasma samples treated with 1 μM MB and visible light we found that the titer of HIV-1 was reduced by 4.25 log; the HCV quantitative PCR assay showed a consistent decrease in the number of viral RNA copies up to 95%; the specific band in the VP1 genomic portion of Parvovirus B19 DNA was undetectable. Conclusions: These data indicate that MB photodynamic treatment induces a loss of HIV infectivity, as already observed, and most importantly induces a damage in the genome of both HCV and Parvovirus B19 within the RNA/DNA regions identified by the primers currently available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-266
Number of pages5
JournalInfusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin
Volume26
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Fresh frozen plasma
  • Photodynamic treatment
  • Virus inactivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Food Science

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    Iudicone, P., Andreoni, M., Lavorino, C., Martorana, M. C., Nicastri, E., Azzi, A., & Quintiliani, L. (1999). Photodynamic treatment of fresh frozen plasma by methylene blue: Effect on HIV, HCV and parvovirus B19. Infusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin, 26(5), 262-266.