Physical activity and risk of endometrial cancer: An Italian case-control study

Alessandra Tavani, Francesca Bravi, Luigino Dal Maso, Antonella Zucchetto, Cristina Bosetti, Claudio Pelucchi, Maurizio Montella, Silvia Franceschi, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most epidemiological studies on the relationship between physical activity and endometrial cancer found risk reductions of about 25-30% among most active women, but results were not consistent among studies. A multicentric case-control study was conducted in Italy between 1992 and 2006. Cases were 454 women with incident, histologically confirmed endometrial cancer and controls were 908 women admitted to hospital for acute non-neoplastic, nonhormonal conditions. Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals were obtained after allowance for major potential confounding factors. The ORs of endometrial cancer for women in the highest level of occupational physical activity (compared with the lowest) were 1.69, 1.33, 1.17 and 0.82, respectively, at ages 12, 15-19, 30-39 and 50-59 years, with no trend in risk at any age. The corresponding ORs for leisure-time physical activity were 0.82, 0.78, 1.12 and 0.97. The risk of endometrial cancer for each level of occupational physical activity at age 30-39 years was not significantly heterogeneous across strata of age at diagnosis, body mass index, menopausal status and education. These findings do not support a strong relationship between physical activity and endometrial cancer risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-306
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

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Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Epidemiology
  • Physical activity
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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