Spiral or Volumetric Computed Tomography (CT) is a new scanning technique which allows the scanning of body regions with a continuously rotating system based on the slip ring technology; the patient is also moved continuously, synchronously with data acquisition. The physical characteristics of Spiral CT image acquisition were compared with those of conventional CT images. The modulation transfer function (MTF) has the same values for medium-resolution filters, but lower values for Spiral CT for high-resolution and frequency-enhancement filters. The slice sensitivity profile (SSP) describes the longitudinal image resolution for multiplanar reconstructions and was measured in terms of FWHM of the SSP curve. We obtained, for 10-mm slice thickness, a FWHM = 10.4 mm (conventional CT), versus 10.7 mm (Spiral CT), while, for 5-mm slice thickness, the corresponding values were 5.2 mm (conventional CT) and 5.5 mm (Spiral CT). Noise was evaluated simply by measuring the standard deviation of the CT numbers, in a region of interest, of a uniform image and with the power spectrum or Wiener spectrum of the same image. To assess overall image quality and yield, the noise equivalent quanta (NEQ) value was also calculated. The values were a little lower for the spiral technique, particularly with high-resolution and enhancement or convolution filters. Dosimetric evaluation of the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) and of the multiple scan average dose (MSAD) was done using an acquisition protocol for average lung dose, in an anthropomorphous phantom and with TL dosimeters. The MSAD was 6.17 ± 0.20 cGy for conventional CT and 5.98 ± 0.23 cGy for Spiral CT, while lung dose was 3.25 ± 0.12 cGy and 3.01 ± 0.16 cGy, respectively.
|Translated title of the contribution||Physical characteristics of Spiral CT image acquisition|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging