The effects of dynamic exercise on restenosis after vascular injury are still unknown. The consequences of balloon dilation-induced injury on neointimal hyperplasia, vascular negative remodeling, and reendothelialization were assessed in sedentary and trained rats. Ex vivo eNOS vascular expression and activity were investigated in carotid arteries isolated from sedentary and exercised rats. The in vivo effects of eNOS inhibition by L-NMMA on vessel wall after balloon dilation were evaluated in sedentary and exercised rats. We also investigated the effects of exercise on neointimal formation in a rat stent model of vascular injury. Compared with sedentary group, the arteries isolated from trained rats showed higher levels of eNOS protein expression and activity 7 days after balloon dilation. A significant reduction of both neointimal hyperplasia and negative remodeling was observed 14 days after balloon injury in trained compared with sedentary rats. Moreover, we demonstrated that exercise training produced accelerated reendothelialization of the balloon injured arterial segments compared with sedentary. L-NMMA administration eliminated the benefits of physical training on vessel wall after balloon dilation. Finally, a decrease of neointimal hyperplasia as well as of platelet aggregation was observed after stent deployment in trained rats compared with sedentary. In conclusion, physical exercise could favorably affect restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting. Increase in eNOS expression and activity might contribute to the potential beneficial effects of exercise on the vessel wall after vascular injury.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2002|
- Balloon angioplasty
- Nitric oxide synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine