Phytochemistry, Bioactivities, Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity Prediction of Selaginella repanda with Its Anticancer Potential against Human Lung, Breast and Colorectal Carcinoma Cell Lines

Mohd Adnan, Arif Jamal Siddiqui, Walid Sabri Hamadou, Mitesh Patel, Syed Amir Ashraf, Arshad Jamal, Amir Mahgoub Awadelkareem, Manojkumar Sachidanandan, Mejdi Snoussi, Vincenzo De Feo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the bioactive potential (antibacterial and antioxidant), anticancer activity and detailed phytochemical analysis of Selaginellarepanda (S. repanda) ethanolic crude extract for the very first time using different in vitro approaches. Furthermore, computer-aided prediction of pharmacokinetic properties and safety profile of the identified phytoconstituents were also employed in order to provide some useful insights for drug discovery. S. repanda, which is a rich source of potent natural bioactive compounds, showed promising antibacterial activity against the tested pathogenic bacteria (S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli and S. flexneri). The crude extract displayed favorable antioxidant activity against both 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (IC50 = 231.6 μg/mL) and H2O2 (IC50 = 288.3 μg/mL) molecules. S. repanda also showed favorable and effective anticancer activity against all three malignant cancer cells in a dose/time dependent manner. Higher activity was found against lung (A549) (IC50 = 341.1 μg/mL), followed by colon (HCT-116) (IC50 = 378.8 μg/mL) and breast (MCF-7) (IC50 = 428.3 μg/mL) cancer cells. High resolution-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HR-LC-MS) data of S. repanda crude extract revealed the presence of diverse bioactive/chemical components, including fatty acids, alcohol, sugar, flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, coumarins and phenolics, which can be the basis and major cause for its bioactive potential. Therefore, achieved results from this study confirmed the efficacy of S. repanda and a prospective source of naturally active biomolecules with antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer potential. These phytocompounds alone with their favorable pharmacokinetics profile suggests good lead and efficiency of S. repanda with no toxicity risks. Finally, further in vivo experimental investigations can be promoted as probable candidates for various therapeutic functions, drug discovery and development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADMET
  • breast cancer
  • colon cancer
  • lung cancer
  • natural product
  • pharmacokinetics
  • phytochemistry
  • phytomedicine
  • Selaginella repanda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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