Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°: An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions

Silvia Serino, Francesca Baglio, Federica Rossetto, Olivia Realdon, Pietro Cipresso, Thomas D Parsons, Giacomo Cappellini, Fabrizia Mantovani, Gianluca De Leo, Raffaello Nemni, Giuseppe Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The assessment of executive functions poses researchers with several challenges related to both the complexity of the construct of executive functions itself and/or the methodological difficulties related to its evaluation. The main objective of the current study was to evaluate a 360° version of an ecologically valid assessment called the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT). Participants included 19 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 19 healthy controls. All participants endorsed globally positive experiences of the PIT 360°. Furthermore, findings indicated that patients with PD took longer to correctly interpret the PIT 360° scene and tended to significantly focus on details of the 360° scene instead of the most informative elements. The time needed for a correct interpretation of the presented scene also correlated significantly with performance in conventional paper and pencil tests of executive functions for patients with PD. Classification analysis indicated the potential of the PIT 360° for distinguishing between patients with PD and healthy controls. Overall, these data provide preliminary evidence in support of the PIT 360° for evaluating executive functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16000
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 22 2017

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Parkinson Disease
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360° : An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions. / Serino, Silvia; Baglio, Francesca; Rossetto, Federica; Realdon, Olivia; Cipresso, Pietro; Parsons, Thomas D; Cappellini, Giacomo; Mantovani, Fabrizia; De Leo, Gianluca; Nemni, Raffaello; Riva, Giuseppe.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 22.11.2017, p. 16000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Serino, S, Baglio, F, Rossetto, F, Realdon, O, Cipresso, P, Parsons, TD, Cappellini, G, Mantovani, F, De Leo, G, Nemni, R & Riva, G 2017, 'Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°: An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16000. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-16121-x
Serino, Silvia ; Baglio, Francesca ; Rossetto, Federica ; Realdon, Olivia ; Cipresso, Pietro ; Parsons, Thomas D ; Cappellini, Giacomo ; Mantovani, Fabrizia ; De Leo, Gianluca ; Nemni, Raffaello ; Riva, Giuseppe. / Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360° : An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 16000.
@article{e534a98a94764ff5b276509fae23d6b6,
title = "Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°: An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions",
abstract = "The assessment of executive functions poses researchers with several challenges related to both the complexity of the construct of executive functions itself and/or the methodological difficulties related to its evaluation. The main objective of the current study was to evaluate a 360° version of an ecologically valid assessment called the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT). Participants included 19 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 19 healthy controls. All participants endorsed globally positive experiences of the PIT 360°. Furthermore, findings indicated that patients with PD took longer to correctly interpret the PIT 360° scene and tended to significantly focus on details of the 360° scene instead of the most informative elements. The time needed for a correct interpretation of the presented scene also correlated significantly with performance in conventional paper and pencil tests of executive functions for patients with PD. Classification analysis indicated the potential of the PIT 360° for distinguishing between patients with PD and healthy controls. Overall, these data provide preliminary evidence in support of the PIT 360° for evaluating executive functions.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Silvia Serino and Francesca Baglio and Federica Rossetto and Olivia Realdon and Pietro Cipresso and Parsons, {Thomas D} and Giacomo Cappellini and Fabrizia Mantovani and {De Leo}, Gianluca and Raffaello Nemni and Giuseppe Riva",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-017-16121-x",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "16000",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°

T2 - An Innovative Measure of Executive Functions

AU - Serino, Silvia

AU - Baglio, Francesca

AU - Rossetto, Federica

AU - Realdon, Olivia

AU - Cipresso, Pietro

AU - Parsons, Thomas D

AU - Cappellini, Giacomo

AU - Mantovani, Fabrizia

AU - De Leo, Gianluca

AU - Nemni, Raffaello

AU - Riva, Giuseppe

PY - 2017/11/22

Y1 - 2017/11/22

N2 - The assessment of executive functions poses researchers with several challenges related to both the complexity of the construct of executive functions itself and/or the methodological difficulties related to its evaluation. The main objective of the current study was to evaluate a 360° version of an ecologically valid assessment called the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT). Participants included 19 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 19 healthy controls. All participants endorsed globally positive experiences of the PIT 360°. Furthermore, findings indicated that patients with PD took longer to correctly interpret the PIT 360° scene and tended to significantly focus on details of the 360° scene instead of the most informative elements. The time needed for a correct interpretation of the presented scene also correlated significantly with performance in conventional paper and pencil tests of executive functions for patients with PD. Classification analysis indicated the potential of the PIT 360° for distinguishing between patients with PD and healthy controls. Overall, these data provide preliminary evidence in support of the PIT 360° for evaluating executive functions.

AB - The assessment of executive functions poses researchers with several challenges related to both the complexity of the construct of executive functions itself and/or the methodological difficulties related to its evaluation. The main objective of the current study was to evaluate a 360° version of an ecologically valid assessment called the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT). Participants included 19 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 19 healthy controls. All participants endorsed globally positive experiences of the PIT 360°. Furthermore, findings indicated that patients with PD took longer to correctly interpret the PIT 360° scene and tended to significantly focus on details of the 360° scene instead of the most informative elements. The time needed for a correct interpretation of the presented scene also correlated significantly with performance in conventional paper and pencil tests of executive functions for patients with PD. Classification analysis indicated the potential of the PIT 360° for distinguishing between patients with PD and healthy controls. Overall, these data provide preliminary evidence in support of the PIT 360° for evaluating executive functions.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-16121-x

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-16121-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 29167494

VL - 7

SP - 16000

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

ER -