PIK3R1(W624R) Is an Actionable Mutation in High Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinoma

Concetta D'Ambrosio, Jessica Erriquez, Maddalena Arigoni, Sonia Capellero, Gloria Mittica, Eleonora Ghisoni, Fulvio Borella, Dionyssios Katsaros, Silvana Privitera, Marisa Ribotta, Elena Maldi, Giovanna Di Nardo, Enrico Berrino, Tiziana Venesio, Riccardo Ponzone, Marco Vaira, Douglas Hall, Mercedes Jimenez-Linan, Anna L Paterson, Raffaele A CalogeroJames D Brenton, Giorgio Valabrega, Maria Flavia Di Renzo, Martina Olivero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Identifying cancer drivers and actionable mutations is critical for precision oncology. In epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) the majority of mutations lack biological or clinical validation. We fully characterized 43 lines of Patient-Derived Xenografts (PDXs) and performed copy number analysis and whole exome sequencing of 12 lines derived from naïve, high grade EOCs. Pyrosequencing allowed quantifying mutations in the source tumours. Drug response was assayed on PDX Derived Tumour Cells (PDTCs) and in vivo on PDXs. We identified a PIK3R1W624R variant in PDXs from a high grade serous EOC. Allele frequencies of PIK3R1W624R in all the passaged PDXs and in samples of the source tumour suggested that it was truncal and thus possibly a driver mutation. After inconclusive results in silico analyses, PDTCs and PDXs allowed the showing actionability of PIK3R1W624R and addiction of PIK3R1W624R carrying cells to inhibitors of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. It is noteworthy that PIK3R1 encodes the p85α regulatory subunit of PI3K, that is very rarely mutated in EOC. The PIK3R1W624R mutation is located in the cSH2 domain of the p85α that has never been involved in oncogenesis. These data show that patient-derived models are irreplaceable in their role of unveiling unpredicted driver and actionable variants in advanced ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 2020

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