Pitfalls in molecular diagnosis in a family with severe factor VII (FVII) deficiency - Misdiagnosis by direct sequence analysis using a PCR product

Isabella Garagiola, Roberta Palla, Flora Peyvandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Molecular diagnostic tests are becoming a routine analysis in many laboratories. These modern analyses are widely used in clinical medicine, forensic, genetic and prenatal diagnosis and also in preimplantation genetic diagnosis. The accuracy of analysis is highly dependent on the success achieved in minimising genotyping errors. The pitfalls in molecular diagnostic tests can be due to a simple technique such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) used universally. This technique is routinely used for its apparent accuracy, but it is also a well-known source of errors. We report an error introduced during PCR reaction that leads to a wrong sequence result and consequently to a 'false' molecular result in a next prenatal diagnosis in a family with severe factor VII (FVII) deficiency. This error was verified using an unsuitable primer design in a rich repetitive sequence of the FVII gene that leads to a false annealing and then to a wrong molecular diagnosis. It is essential to link closely molecular data with clinical and phenotype analysis in order to avoid false-negative or false-positive results, which is of great importance to diagnosis and molecular prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-734
Number of pages4
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2003

Keywords

  • Factor VII
  • Misdiagnosis
  • PCR error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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