Pituitary-adrenocortical response following repeated adrenocorticotropin secretagogue administration in the rat

S. Scaccianoce, G. Cigliana, R. Nicolai, D. Navarra, L. A A Muscolo, L. Angelucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the adult male Wistar rat with a pharmacological block of endogenous CRF release, exogenous CRH (0.3 μg/kg iv), administered 15 or 30 min after a first equal dose, was unable to further stimulate adrenocortical activity above the level attained with the first peptide injection. This pituitary-adrenocortical refractoriness towards CRH was not evident when the second CRH injection was performed 60 min after the first. In the same experimental conditions, exogenous vasopressin (AVP) (0.3 μg/kg iv) did not produce any adrenocortical activation. However, AVP (0.3 μg/kg iv), injected 15 min after a first similar dose, induced a small increase in plasma corticosterone concentrations. CRH pretreatment was found to greatly potentiate the adrenocortical effect of AVP injected 15-105 min later. These results, while confirming the refractoriness of the pituitary to response to CRH after a prior stimulation with the same secretagogue, indicate that the adrenocortical response to CRH is regained 60 min after the first stimulation. Moreover, CRH activates a mechanism that greatly potentiates the secretagogue effect of AVP for a considerable time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalStress Medicine
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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