Pituitary gland diseases

Martina Montinari, Franco Rongioletti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Excessive secretion of pituitary hormones, as well as their deficiency, may cause a constellation of clinical and pathological manifestations involving major organ systems of the body, including the skin. There are no specific cutaneous signs or symptoms that are pathognomonic for the main manifestations of pituitary gland diseases such as acromegaly, hyperprolactinemia, Cushing's disease, or hypopituitarism. In addition to tissue hyperplasia, which is the hallmark of the disease, patients with acromegaly present with skin thickening, excessive sebaceous, eccrine and apocrine secretion, skin tags, and cutis verticis gyrata. In the setting of hyperprolactinemia, galactorrhea in women and gynecomastia or impotence in men are associated with acne vulgaris, seborrhea, androgenetic alopecia, and hirsutism. Rubeosis faciei, epidermal atrophy, acne, purpura, hirsutism, and striae distensae are the main features of ACTH-dependent Cushing's disease in association with hyperpigmentation. Skin manifestations, although not pathognomonic, may be the first sign of underlying pituitary gland disease and can allow early detection and intervention, reducing the adverse medical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClinical and Pathological Aspects of Skin Diseases in Endocrine, Metabolic, Nutritional and Deposition Disease
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages35-41
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781607611806
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Cushing's disease
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Panhypopituitarism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Montinari, M., & Rongioletti, F. (2010). Pituitary gland diseases. In Clinical and Pathological Aspects of Skin Diseases in Endocrine, Metabolic, Nutritional and Deposition Disease (pp. 35-41). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-181-3_4