Planning design of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma using 4DCT and IMRT/IGRT technologies

Giulia Sangalli, Paolo Passoni, Giovanni M. Cattaneo, Sara Broggi, Valentino Bettinardi, Michele Reni, Najla Slim, Nadia Di Muzio, Riccardo Calandrino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and purpose. To study the impact of the 4DCT imaging technique on radiotherapy planning for pancreatic carcinoma. To evaluate the possibility of IMRT/IGRT to increase the dose to PTV subvolume. Material and methods. Contrast-enhanced 4DCT scans of 15 patients (PTs) with unresectable pancreatic cancer were acquired. A 4DCT based PTV (4D-PTV) was created by the convolution of contours and then expanded for geometric uncertainties; a standard PTV (STD-PTV) was derived from a single CTV plus conventional margins. Two 3D conformal treatment (3DCRT) plans and one Helical Tomotherapy (HT) plan were generated with a prescription of 60 Gy. Regarding the 3DCRT plans, the 4D-PTV was considered as the target volume for one, and the STD-PTV for the other; the HT plans were performed only for 4D-PTV. Twelve of 15 PTs were admitted to a Phase I hypofractionated study (15 fractions). The prescribed dose was 44.25 Gy to the 4D-PTV and the PTV subvolume around vascular involvement was boosted from 50 to 55 Gy; before treatment, daily patient position was corrected using MVCT. Results. 4D-PTVs were smaller than STD-PTVs with a volume reduction equal to 37%. 3DCRT plans on 4D-PTV showed a significant sparing of most OARs, the use of IMRT allowed a further significant dose reduction. In the Phase I study the PTV subvolume received up to 55 Gy with modest increase in dose to OARs. Conclusions. The 4DCT procedure decreases the overlap between PTV and OARs. HT technique, compared with 3DCRT, allows efficient dose sparing in particular for the duodenum. The IMRT/IGRT approach allows a safe dose escalation to PTV subvolume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalActa Oncologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Hematology


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