Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents

From farm to pharmacy

Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anna Marchese, Morteza Izadi, Valeria Curti, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In traditional medicine, plants have been used since ancient times for the prevention and/or protection against infectious diseases. In recent years, the use of herbal medicines and food supplements containing botanical ingredients, as alternative therapy for infectious diseases, has been intensified due to their high content of antimicrobial agents such as polyphenols, i.e. flavonoids, tannins, and alkaloids. Plants from the genus Thymus are important medicinal herbs, which are known to contain antimicrobial agents, and are rich in different active substances such as thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene and terpinene. In this review, we summarise the available literature data about the in vitro antibacterial effects of the main plants belonging to the genus Thymus. We also provide information about cultivation, chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from these plants, and their use for medicinal purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2015

Fingerprint

Thymus
Anti-Infective Agents
Farms
Thymus Gland
antibiotics
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Thymol
farms
Communicable Diseases
Tannins
Polyphenols
Volatile Oils
Alkaloids
Flavonoids
Thymus Plant
infectious diseases
Medicine
Herbal Medicine
anti-infective agents
Traditional Medicine

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Carvacrol
  • Essential oils and extracts
  • Genus thymus plants
  • Thymol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nabavi, S. M., Marchese, A., Izadi, M., Curti, V., Daglia, M., & Nabavi, S. F. (2015). Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents: From farm to pharmacy. Food Chemistry, 173, 339-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.10.042

Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents : From farm to pharmacy. / Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad; Marchese, Anna; Izadi, Morteza; Curti, Valeria; Daglia, Maria; Nabavi, Seyed Fazel.

In: Food Chemistry, Vol. 173, 15.04.2015, p. 339-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nabavi, SM, Marchese, A, Izadi, M, Curti, V, Daglia, M & Nabavi, SF 2015, 'Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents: From farm to pharmacy', Food Chemistry, vol. 173, pp. 339-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.10.042
Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad ; Marchese, Anna ; Izadi, Morteza ; Curti, Valeria ; Daglia, Maria ; Nabavi, Seyed Fazel. / Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents : From farm to pharmacy. In: Food Chemistry. 2015 ; Vol. 173. pp. 339-347.
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