Plants belonging to the genus Thymus as antibacterial agents: From farm to pharmacy

Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anna Marchese, Morteza Izadi, Valeria Curti, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In traditional medicine, plants have been used since ancient times for the prevention and/or protection against infectious diseases. In recent years, the use of herbal medicines and food supplements containing botanical ingredients, as alternative therapy for infectious diseases, has been intensified due to their high content of antimicrobial agents such as polyphenols, i.e. flavonoids, tannins, and alkaloids. Plants from the genus Thymus are important medicinal herbs, which are known to contain antimicrobial agents, and are rich in different active substances such as thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene and terpinene. In this review, we summarise the available literature data about the in vitro antibacterial effects of the main plants belonging to the genus Thymus. We also provide information about cultivation, chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from these plants, and their use for medicinal purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2015


  • Antibacterial activity
  • Carvacrol
  • Essential oils and extracts
  • Genus thymus plants
  • Thymol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)


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