Plasma and platelet von Willebrand factor abnormalities in patients with uremia: Lack of correlation with uremic bleeding

A. Casonato, E. Pontara, U. P. Vertolli, A. Steffan, C. Durante, L. De Marco, F. Sartorello, A. Girolami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chronic renal failure often is associated with abnormal bleeding that may represent an important complication of this disorder. The hemorrhagic tendency currently is attributed to altered primary hemostasis, mainly platelet dysfunction. However, von Willebrand factor (vWF) also seems to be involved, even though the nature of its abnormalities is still controversial. To gain insight into the role of vWF in determining uremic bleeding, we studied 11 patients with stable, chronic renal failure. We found a significant increase in plasma factor VIII (FVIII), vWF:antigen (Ag), and vWF:ristocetin cofactor (Rco) levels, associated with a mean decrease in platelet vWF:Ag. Plasma vWF multimer pattern was characterized by increased representation of all oligomers in all patients, but five patients also showed a slight decrease in large vWF multimers. In addition, platelet vWF multimer pattern displayed a decrease in all components, especially those with high molecular weight. Despite normal bleeding time, collagen-induced platelet aggregation was defective in almost all patients, whereas vWF collagen binding capacity was normal. The levels of glycocalicin, the circulating fragment of glycoprotein Ib-IX, the major platelet vWF receptor, were also normal. In six patients who also were studied after initiation of dialysis, collagen-induced platelet aggregation was impaired further. Moreover, plasma vWF, and especially FVIII levels, were increased additionally, in association with a normalized platelet vWF content and an improved vWF multimer pattern. The results suggest that vWF abnormalities are present in uremia. Moreover, thrombopathy caused by impaired collagen-induced platelet aggregation is constantly present and apparently not improved by dialytic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Chronic renal failure
  • Plasma von Willebrand factor
  • Platelet von Willebrand factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Casonato, A., Pontara, E., Vertolli, U. P., Steffan, A., Durante, C., De Marco, L., Sartorello, F., & Girolami, A. (2001). Plasma and platelet von Willebrand factor abnormalities in patients with uremia: Lack of correlation with uremic bleeding. Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis, 7(2), 81-86.