Background: Oxidative stress may be directly or indirectly involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). 8-hydroxy-2′deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is the major product of DNA oxidative damage but its determination in plasma or urine may have controversial significance. The concentration of 8-OHdG not only depends on its oxidation rate but also on the efficacy of the DNA repairing systems. Methods: We studied the ratio between 8-OHdG and 2-dG (the corresponding not hydroxylated base 2′-deoxyguanosine) in plasma and urine as a marker of oxydative stress in PD. This enabled the determination of the real DNA damage in terms of oxidation rate regardless of the efficacy of the DNA repairing mechanisms. Results: We optimized two different analytical methods: one for 8-OHdG and the other for 2-dG, both based on a common preliminary solid-phase extraction step (SPE) followed by two different HPLC analytical separations with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED). The reliability of these methods was confirmed by analysing plasma and urine samples collected in parkinsonian patients and in age-matched healthy control subjects. Conclusions: In urine samples, the measurement of 8-OHdG alone as well as the ratio 8-OHdG/2-dG were significantly different in healthy controls and PD patients. In plasma samples, only the ratio 8-OHdG/2-dG was significantly higher in PD compared to healthy controls showing that the ratio 8-OHdG/2-dG is a reliable diagnostic tool in studies on DNA oxydative damage.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- Oxidative stress
- Parkinson's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)