Plasma levels of atrial natriuretic factor in mild to moderate hypertensives without signs of left ventricular hypertrophy: Correlation with the known duration of hypertension

P. Dessi-Fulgheri, R. Palermo, G. Di Noto, V. Conti, L. Rinaldi, G. Tesei, P. Russo, A. Rappelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relationship between plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), blood pressure (BP), age, plasma renin activity (PRA) and urinary sodium excretion was studied in 64 normal subjects (mean age 48.7 ± 2.1 yrs; BP: 126.5 ± 1.6/79.5 ± 0.9 mmHg) and in 104 untreated uncomplicated essential hypertensives (50.8 ± 1.1 yrs; BP: 164.7 ± 1.6/105.2 ± 0.6 mmHg). ANF was measured by radioimmunoassay after extraction on C18 columns. ANF was significantly higher in the hypertensives than in the normal subjects (37.1 ± 1.2 vs 29.7 ± 1.5 pg/ml, P <0.01). In normal plasma ANF was significantly correlated with age (r = 0.72, P <0.001), Na excretion (r = 0.42, P <0.001) and PRA (r = -0.71, P <0.001) whereas in the hypertensives ANF plasma levels correlated only with systolic (r = 0.46, P <0.001) and diastolic (r = 0.51, P <0.001) BP. In addition in hypertensive patients, by multivariate linear regression analysis, a significant correlation was found between age, known duration of hypertension and plasma ANF. The partial correlation coefficient between duration of hypertension and plasma ANF was highly significant (r = 0.80, P <0.001). These findings suggest that in essential hypertension the level of arterial BP is a main determinant of the ANF plasma values offsetting the ability of other physiological factors to regulate plasma ANF levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume2
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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