BACKGROUND & AIMS: We examined the diagnostic performance of plasma N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) levels, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score for predicting non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver fibrosis stage in children/adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
METHODS: We enrolled 204 children/adolescents with biopsy-proven NAFLD at the "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital. We measured plasma PIIINP levels using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit and calculated APRI and FIB-4 scores using standard methods.
RESULTS: Children with NASH had higher plasma PIIINP levels, APRI and FIB-4 scores compared with those without NASH (all P < .001). However, PIIINP levels had much better diagnostic performance and accuracy than APRI and FIB-4 scores for predicting liver fibrosis stage. PIIINP levels correlated with the total NAFLD activity score (NAS) and its constituent components (P < .0001). The risk of either NASH or F ≥ 2 fibrosis progressively increased with increasing PIIINP levels (P < .0001), independent of age, gender, adiposity measures, insulin resistance, NAS score and the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein-3 rs738409 polymorphism. For every 3.6 ng/mL increase in PIIINP levels, the likelihood of having F ≥ 2 fibrosis increased by ~14-fold (adjusted-odds ratio 14.1, 95% CI 5.50-35.8, P < .0001) after adjustment for the aforementioned risk factors. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.921 (95% CI 0.87-0.97) for F ≥ 2 fibrosis, and 0.993 (95% CI 0.98-1.0) for F3 fibrosis respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Unlike APRI and FIB-4 scores, plasma PIIINP levels are a promising, non-invasive biomarker for diagnosing liver fibrosis stage in children/adolescents with biopsy-proven NAFLD.
|Journal||Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - Aug 22 2019|