Plasmacytoid dendritic cells alter the antitumor activity of CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides in a mouse model of lung carcinoma

Rosalinda Sorrentino, Silvana Morello, Antonio Luciano, Timothy R. Crother, Piera Maiolino, Eduardo Bonavita, Claudio Arra, Ian M. Adcock, Moshe Arditi, Aldo Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG) has been studied on a number of tumors. Although CpG may facilitate tumor regression in mouse models of melanoma, its activity in lung cancer is unclear. The aim of our study was to elucidate the effect of CpG (0.5-50 μg/mouse) in a mouse model of Lewis lung carcinoma cell-induced lung cancer. Lung tumor growth increased at 3 and 7 d after a single administration of CpG. This was associated with a greater influx of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), immature myeloid dendritic cells, and greater recruitment of regulatory T cells. Depletion of pDCs using a specific Ab (m927) reversed the immune-suppressive environment and resulted in a decreased lung tumor burden, accompanied by a greater influx of active myeloid dendritic cells and CD8+ T cells, and a higher production of Th1-and Th17-like cytokines. Furthermore, the rate of apoptosis in the lungs of mice treated with CpG increased following the depletion of pDCs. CpG treatment alone does not lead to tumor regression in the lung. However, ablation of pDCs renders CpG a good adjuvant for lung cancer chemotherapy in this experimental model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4641-4650
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume185
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Medicine(all)

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