NIH3T3 cells are widely used in transformation assays and readily take up transfected DNA. A system has been devised using NIH3T3 cells to measure the mutagenic effect of transfected DNA on recipient cell genes. NIH3T3 cells can be mutated to 6-thioguanine resistance at a frequency which suggests that at least a portion of the cells have only one functional copy of the HGPRT gene. They have a low spontaneous background mutation frequency (≈1×10-7). Transfection of three different plasmids into NIH3T3 cells induced 6-thioguanine resistant mutants at frequencies ranging from 3 to 11 fold above background. The mutant phenotype is stable and reversion frequencies of several mutants are ≤1×10-7. Southern blot analysis of the HGPRT gene in several mutants showed that 4 of 26 mutants (15.4%) had detectable alterations in the structure of the HGPRT gene. Interestingly 3 of the 4 mutants showing rearrangements were obtained by transfection of the HSV-2 morphological transforming region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis