The effect of VLDL on plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 biosynthesis in HepG2 cells was investigated. Exposure of HepG2 cells to VLDL, (range, 10 to 100 μg protein per milliliter) for 16 hours resulted in an enhanced release of PAI-1 antigen and PAI activity into conditioned medium, accompanied by the accumulation of intracellular triglycerides. By using a monoclonal antibody (IgG C7) specific to the LDL receptor, we showed that the effect of VLDL is mediated by its interaction with the LDL receptor. Enhanced PAI- 1 release was due to increased biosynthesis: PAI-1 mRNA was doubled, mainly because of the effect on the 2.2-kb PAI-1 mRNA rather than the 3.2-kb transcript. Addition of insulin with the VLDL further enhanced PAI-1 antigen release and PAI-1 mRNA accumulation. The effect of VLDL on steady state levels of PAI-1 mRNA was apparently not due to an increase of gene transcription but to stabilization of both PAI-1 mRNA transcripts. The enhancing effect of VLDL on PAI-1 biosynthesis in HepG2 cells may raise PAI- 1 antigen levels not only in hypertriglyceridemic states but also in those conditions in which both insulin and VLDL are elevated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- gene expression
- plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine