Plasticity of the motor cortex in Parkinson's disease patients on and off therapy

Sergio Bagnato, Rocco Agostino, Nicola Modugno, Angelo Quartarone, Alfredo Berardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used the paired associative stimulation (PAS) technique to investigate associative plasticity of the sensorimotor cortex in 16 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients off and on therapy and in 10 age-matched controls. After PAS, motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes increased more and the cortical silent period showed a reduced prolongation in patients off therapy than in controls. These changes lasted for at least 30 minutes. In addition, MEP amplitudes increased in a less focal manner in patients off therapy than in controls. After patients received dopaminergic therapy, these abnormalities normalized. The abnormal responsiveness of sensorimotor cortex neurons to PAS in PD patients off therapy probably reflects disordered plasticity within the motor cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-645
Number of pages7
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

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Keywords

  • Associative stimulation
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Plasticity
  • Sensorimotor integration
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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