Platelet-activating factor alters glomerular barrier size selectivity for macromolecules in rats

Norberto Perico, Andrea Remuzzi, Jacek Dadan, Cristina Battaglia, Giuseppe Remuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on glomerular permeability to macromolecules was investigated in the isolated kidneys from normal male Sprague-Dawley rats perfused at constant pressure. Compared with basal values, infusion of PAF (10 nM final concentration) into the isolated kidneys induced a progressive and significant increase in protein excretion (6.7 ± 2.7 vs. 40.7 ± 10.4 μg/min, P <0.01), completely reversible 20 min after PAF infusion was discontinued (8.5 ± 1.3 μg/min). In additional experiments, during PAF infusion the fractional clearance of small neutral dextrans (radius 24-48 Å), defined as the ratio of the clearance of neutral dextrans to the clearance of creatinine, was comparable to preinfusion values, whereas fractional clearance of large dextrans (>50 Å) was significantly elevated (P <0.005) above preinfusion values. The specific PAF receptor antagonist L 652731 completely prevented the increased fractional clearance of large dextrans induced by PAF. Finally, lowering Ca2+ concentration in the perfusion medium from 2.5 to 2+ concentration in the extracellular medium.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume261
Issue number1 30-1
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Dextran clearances
  • Extracellular calcium
  • Isolated perfused rat kidney
  • Proteinuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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