Platelet aggregability is modulated by eNOS locus in non-type 2 diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome

C. Fatini, E. Sticchi, P. Bolli, R. Marcucci, B. Giusti, R. Paniccia, A. M. Gori, G. F. Gensini, R. Abbate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and aim: Platelet nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is compromised in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and platelet NO availability may be critically relevant in determining the extent of thrombosis in ACS patients. It has been demonstrated that an impaired responsiveness to the antiaggregatory effects of NO may affect platelet dysfunction in diabetic patients with ACS. Since NO availability may be genetically determined, we have investigated the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene in influencing platelet aggregability in relation to the presence (n=247) or absence (n=883) of type 2 diabetes in ACS patients. Methods and results: We have genotyped 1130 consecutive high risk ACS patients on dual antiplatelet therapy, previously investigated in relation to platelet function. eNOS 4a allele frequency was significantly higher in diabetic vs. non-diabetic patients (p=0.02). In non-diabetic patients the eNOS 4a allele significantly modulated platelet aggregability in response to arachidonic acid (AA), but not to collagen and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) stimulus, after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. After adjustment for age, gender, smoking habit, hypertension and ejection fraction ≤40%, the eNOS 4a allele remained significantly and independently associated with platelet aggregability in response to AA stimulus [β (SE). =0.17 (0.07), p=0.01]. When platelet aggregation values were considered according to the presence or absence of high residual platelet reactivity (RPR) eNOS 4a, but not -786C and 894T, allele was significantly associated with RPR by AA stimulus. The haplotype reconstruction analysis for eNOS gene showed that the -786C/894G/4a and -786C/894G/4b haplotypes significantly influenced platelet aggregation after AA stimulus. Conclusions: Our study indicates that eNOS 4a allele, may be a determinant of higher platelet aggregability and residual platelet reactivity in non-diabetic ACS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • ENOS locus
  • Platelet aggregability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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