Platelets have been extensively implicated in the progression of cancer and platelet-derived extracellular vesicles (PEVs) are gaining growing attention as potential mediators of the platelet-cancer interplay. PEVs are shed from platelet membrane in response to extracellular stimuli and carry important biological signals for intercellular communication. In this study we demonstrate that PEVs specifically bind to different breast cancer cells and elicit cell-specific functional responses. PEVs were massively internalized by the metastatic cell lines MDA-MB-231 and SKBR3 and the ductal carcinoma cell line BT474, but not by the MCF-7 cell line. In SKBR3 cells, PEVs decreased mitochondrial dehydrogenase activities and altered cell cycle progression without affecting cell viability. Conversely, PEVs potently stimulated migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231, without affecting the distribution in the different phases of the cell cycle. In all the analyzed breast cancer cells, PEVs triggered a sustained increase of intracellular Ca2+, but only in MDA-MB-231 cells, this was associated to the stimulation of selected signaling proteins implicated in migration, including p38MAPK and myosin light chain. Importantly, inhibition of myosin light chain phosphorylation by a Rho kinase inhibitor prevented PEVs-stimulated migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. Our results demonstrate that PEVs are versatile regulators of cancer cell behavior and elicit a variety of different responses depending on the specific breast cancer cell subtype.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2021|
- Extracellular vesicles
- Platelet microparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology