OBJECTIVE: Patients with hypertension tend to have a high prevalence of atherothrombotic accidents. Platelet hyperactivity is frequently associated with hypertension. Because the vascular disease associated with hypertension evolves over the years, we investigated platelet activity parameters in a population of older hypertensive patients with no other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 34 older, nonsmoking patients (mean age 74 ± 5 years) with uncomplicated hypertension before and after the normalization of blood pressure (BP) was achieved with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor quinapril alone or in combination with the Ca2+ antagonist nifedipine. MEASUREMENTS: Platelet aggregation, P- selectin (CD62) expression on the platelet surface, serum levels of Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), as well as plasma levels of soluble P-selectin and Endothelin-1 (ET-1), were analyzed. RESULTS: All platelet hyperactivity parameters were reduced significantly with the normalization of BP at the end of antihypertensive drug treatment (systolic/diastolic: 186.2 ± 2.7/103.4 ± 1.1 mm Hg vs 135.0 ± 1.3/85.9 ± 1.9 mm Hg; P <.001). Those factors more strictly associated with endothelium injury, such as ET-1 and IL-6, did not show variations. A significant correlation (Spearman Rank test) was observed among all platelet function parameters and blood pressure values. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that even in a population of older hypertensive patients with no other risk factor for atherogenic disease, normalization of blood pressure induces a significant reduction of the parameters of enhanced platelet hyperactivity independent of the action exerted, at the platelet level, by the antihypertensive drugs.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the American Geriatrics Society|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1999|
- Older people
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology