Platelet lysate loaded electrospun scaffolds: Effect of nanofiber types on wound healing

Leticia Malgarim Cordenonsi, Angela Faccendini, Silvia Rossi, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Lorenzo Malavasi, Renata Raffin, Elfrides Eva Scherman Schapoval, Claudia Del Fante, Barbara Vigani, Dalila Miele, Giuseppina Sandri, Franca Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In healthy individuals, wound healing is a highly efficient process. However, interruptions of normal healing give rise to chronic wounds, characterized by inflammation with impaired angiogenesis and re-epithelialization. The aim of this work was the design and the development of electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds based on sodium alginate (SA) and pullulan (PUL) and loaded with human platelet lysate (PL) intended for skin reparation, to take the advantage of nanofibrous scaffolds (with improved physical structure) and of SA as biopolymer. Two preparation approaches have been used to load PL in the scaffolds: as component of the PUL/SA matrix, to be electrospun, or as coating component, to cover the previously prepared electrospun PUL based membranes. A preformulation study to assess pullulan entanglement concentration and alginate or citric acid critical concentration, to obtain electrospun nanofibers, has been performed. The preparation process allowed to obtain insoluble systems starting from aqueous solutions and these were able to act as scaffolds for tissue engineering with suitable mechanical properties and PL release. PL loading in PUL/SA matrix nanofibers did not substantially modify the nanofiber morphology before crosslinking, while the crosslinking process, in presence of PL, determined less sharp nanofibers probably due to an increase in hydrophilicity caused by PL proteins. On the contrary, the coated nanofibers showed an increase in diameters due to PL loading. The two different approaches affected the fiber dimension and scaffold elasticity, especially for PL loaded systems. Anyhow, these differences were not crucial for fibroblast adhesion and proliferation which were mainly influenced by PL loading. In particular, fibroblasts presented different conformation and orientation mainly due to the presence of PL. This caused a cell random orientation compatible to a fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition that could enhance wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-257
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Electrospinning
  • Platelet lysate
  • Pullulan
  • Scaffolds
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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  • Cite this

    Malgarim Cordenonsi, L., Faccendini, A., Rossi, S., Bonferoni, M. C., Malavasi, L., Raffin, R., Scherman Schapoval, E. E., Del Fante, C., Vigani, B., Miele, D., Sandri, G., & Ferrari, F. (2019). Platelet lysate loaded electrospun scaffolds: Effect of nanofiber types on wound healing. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 142, 247-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2019.06.030