Immune-mediated refractoriness to platelet transfusion is a major problem in patients undergoing HSCT. In a cohort of 50 pediatric patients affected by beta thalassemia coming from Middle East countries, we experienced a high incidence of refractoriness because of anti-HLA antibodies during post-HSCT aplasia. In a risk factors analysis, factors predicting a negative transfusion outcome were presence of spleen and the number of anti-HLA antibodies. We adopted a policy to select platelet donors by avoiding HLA antigens against which the patient had specific antibodies. Transfusion of dedicated units resulted in 26% refractoriness compared to 74% to random units (p <0.0001). When dedicated transfusions were used, the presence of spleen did not influence transfusion outcome. Analyzing transfusion outcome depending on the degree of HLA match and ABO compatibility, 76% successful transfusions were obtained with HLA-matched- ABO compatible followed by 67% in HLA-1mismatch- ABO compatible or HLA-matched- ABO incompatible and by 46% in HLA-1mismatch- ABO incompatible. In conclusion, we provide evidence that the selection of platelet donors according to patient characteristics, anti-HLA antibodies and ABO matching, is successful in reducing platelet refractoriness in heavily alloimmunized thalassemia patients undergoing transplantation.
- Anti-HLA antibodies
- Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health