During both maturation and function, neutrophils are subjected to reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. Among the molecules that influence cytoskeletal architecture, the amount and subcellular localization of phosphoinositides, regulated by specific kinases and phosphatases, may play a crucial role. In neutrophils, PLC-β2 is a major phosphoinositide-dependent phospholipase C isoform activated in response to chemoattractants, even though its role in the modifications of cell morphology and motility that occur during the inflammatory process has not been fully elucidated. In APL-derived promyelocytes induced to complete their maturation program, we have found that the expression levels of PLC-β2 positively correlate with the degree of the reached neutrophil differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that PLC-β2 modulates the migration capability of promyelocytes induced to differentiate with ATRA. In differentiating cells, the association of PLC-β2 with actin, mediated by the PH domain, seems crucial for catalytic activity. We conclude that phosphodiesterase activity of PLC-β2 on the actin-associated PIP2 may be responsible, by modifying the phosphoinositide pools, for the modifications of cytoskeleton architecture that take place during motility of differentiating promyelocytes.
- Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
- Phosphoinositide metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology